THE RISE OF A MODERN CITY 317 
lease. Formerly, every woman who was arrested was searched 
by men and thrown in a cell in the same jail-room with the male 
prisoners. Lost children, homeless girls, and abandoned women 
were all huddled together. The women of the city "couldn't 
stand it," they say. They worked eight years, led by Miss 
Sweet,' to bring about the now accomplished reform. 
In all cases in which women complain of abuse or mistreat- 
men t by the police or others, Mrs. Logan sits on the Police Trial 
Board "to show the unfortunate woman that she has a friend." 
The Board is composed of five inspectors and the assistant chief 
of police, and the president asked her to join its sessions when- 
ever a woman is involved in any case that comes before it. The 
police do not oppose the work of the women. Desperate and 
abandoned females used to make fearful charges against the 
patrolmen and others on the force under the old regime. Under 
the new system there is a great change in this respect 
The Protective Agency protects women and children in all 
their rights of property and person, gives them legal advice, re- 
covers wages for servants, sewing-women and shop-girls who 
are being swindled; finds guardians for defenseless children; pro- 
cures divorces for women who are abused or neglected; protects 
the mothers' right to their children. It has obtained heavy 
sentences against men in cases of outrage—so very heavy that 
this crime is seldom committed. In a matter akin to this, the 
women of this society perform what seems to me a most ex- 
traordinary work. It is a part of the belief of these ladies that 
all women have rights, no matter how bad or lost to decency some 
of them may be. Therefore, they stand united against the an- 
cient custom, among criminal lawyers, of destroying a woman's 
testimony by showing her bad character. This these women 
call "a many-century-old trick to throw a woman out of court 
and deny her justice.". . . . 
s Ada Celeste Sweet was born February 23,1853. She became United States pension 
agent in Chicago on the death of her father in 1874, who was then agent; and she held 
this position until 1885. In 1886 she became the literary editor of the Chicago Tribune. 
She opened a United States claims office in Chicago in 1888 but retired in 1905. She 
then wrote editorials for the Chicago journal. From 1911 to 1913 she was manager of 
the woman's department of the Equitable Life Assurance Society.