law no provision for the safeguarding of machinery ; and 
if a physician issues a certificate to a child merely because 
it is for the moment in good health, with no knowledge 
of the dangerous occupation of the child, the inspector, 
under the present law, is powerless. An example is 
afforded by a stamping-factory of this ward. The in- 
spector called the attention of the head of the firm to 
the danger to which employees were subjected, because 
of unguarded shafting and machinery, and required a 
health certificate for every minor employed there. A 
week later a deputy inspector went to this factory, and 
found twenty-five health certificates, in proper form, on 
file. One of these certificates was already superfluous. 
The boy for whom it had been obtained had been killed 
in the factory the day before. Within two years two 
boys have been killed outright, and several mutilated 
in this factory. The last boy killed had lost three fin- 
gers at his machine only a few months before his death. 
One machine used in the stamping-works consists of an 
endless chain revolving over a trough filled with melted 
solder. In this trough cans are kept moving in un- 
broken procession, revolving as they go. At each end 
of the trough stands a boy with a little iron poker, 
made for the purpose of keeping the cans in their places 
and pulling them out at the end. But the poker is not 
always quick enough, and the boy's hand is apt to get 
into contact with the melting fluid. In preparation for 
this danger the lads wrap their hands before beginning 
work ; but this precaution is only good for minor burns, 
and the real danger to the child is that he may lose 
a hand outright. This machine has been superseded in 
the stamping-works of more progressive manufacturers