because of the total lack of organization among the 
girls between sixteen and twenty with whom the chil- 
dren have hitherto competed, and who would merely be 
somewhat increased in number in consequence of the 
discharge of the children. It is for the sake of the chil- 
dren themselves that they should be removed from the 
labor market and kept in school, far more than for the 
sake of the effect that they have upon the condition of 
the adults with whom they compete. 
If, however, we take this ground, that the prohibition 
of child-labor is a humanitarian measure, to be adopted 
in the interest of the children themselves, we must then 
be consistent, and make provision for them, so that they 
shall not suffer hardship worse than that from which 
we aim to shield them. We have seen that the trades 
in which children abound are the most injurious and 
least suitable for them. The wages paid children range 
from 40 cents a week to $4.00 a week, taking the whole 
6,576 children together. 
In some cases, undoubtedly, in which a young child 
is withdrawn from work by the law, an older brother or 
sister steps into the place thus left vacant. But this 
compensation does not always take place in the same 
family, and the deficit would have to be made good in 
many cases. Why should this not be accomplished by 
means of scholarships in the upper-grade grammar 
schools and manual-training schools, just as the scholar- 
ships are provided to-day in universities and theologi- 
cal seminaries ? Would not such provision be vastly 
cheaper in the end than the care of the consumptive 
young grinders ? or than the provision which will be 
inevitably required for the support of the cripples turned.