an anarchistic contingent, which discourages many from 
voting who are nevertheless not opposed on principle to 
the ballot. 
The physical characteristics of the Ghetto do not 
differ materially from the surrounding districts. The 
streets may be a trifle narrower ; the alleys are no 
filthier. There is only one saloon to ten in other dis- 
tricts, but the screens, side-doors, and loafers are of 
the ubiquitous type ; the theatre bills a higher grade of 
performance than other cheap theatres, but checks are 
given between the acts, whose users find their way to 
the bar beneath. The dry-goods stores have, of course, 
the same Jewish names over them which may be found 
elsewhere, and the same "cheap and nasty" goods 
within. The race differences are subtle ; they are not 
too apparent to the casual observer. It is the religious 
distinction which every one notices ; the synagogues, 
the Talmud schools, the " Kosher " signs on the meat- 
markets. Among the dwelling-houses of the Ghetto are 
found the three types which curse the Chicago work- 
ingman, — the small, low, one or two story " pioneer " 
wooden shanty, erected probably before the street was 
graded, and hence several feet below the street level ; 
the brick tenement of three or four stories, with insuffi- 
cient light, bad drainage, no bath, built to obtain the 
highest possible rent for the smallest possible cubic 
space ; and the third type, the deadly rear tenement, 
with rio light in front, and with the frightful odors of 
the dirty alley in the rear, too often the workshop of the 
"sweater," as well as the home of an excessive population. 
On the narrow pavement of the narrow street in front is 
found the omnipresent garbage-box, with full measure,