after the war, were Republicans. After the year 1880 
some began to vote the Democratic ticket ; and when in 
1883 this party nominated a Bohemian for the office of 
alderman, it got the first real hold on the people in Chi- 
cago. The first political recognition given them was a 
stroke on the part of the Democratic wire-pullers to win 
the Bohemian vote. It " took ; " and the result was that 
to-day out of the twelve thousand Bohemian votes cast, 
eight thousand are Democratic. The politicians work on 
the people's feelings, incite them against the men of the 
other party as their most bitter enemies; and if this 
doesn't succeed, they go to work deliberately to buy 
some. Thus adding insult to injury, they go off and set 
up a pharisaic cry about the ignorance and corruption of 
the foreign voters. 
As everything in the old country has its price, it is 
not at all surprising that the foreigners believe such to 
be the case in this also. But Americans are to blame for 
this ; for the better class of citizens, the men who preach 
so much about corruption in political life, and advocate 
reforms, never come near these foreign voters. They do 
not take pains to become acquainted with these recruits 
to American citizenship ; they never come to their politi- 
cal clubs and learn to know them personally ; they 
simply draw their estimates from the most untrust- 
worthy source, the newspapers, and then mercilessly 
condemn as hopeless. 
The Bohemian citizens in Chicago have been or are 
represented in the following offices : alderman, county 
commissioner, school-board, public-library board, cor- 
poration counsel, assessor, and State legislature ; while 
about one hundred and fifty Bohemians are employed in