ART AND LABOR. 173 
physical beauty ; love of these forms and happy activ- 
ity, in artistic expression. From disobedience to law 
follows physical ugliness, which inspires nothing but 
apathy or distaste, and results in no artistic utterance. 
A higher art is born of delight in spiritual beauty, con- 
sequent upon obedience to law above the physical. It 
remains to determine how far the disharmony of dis- 
obedience can have expression through art. Discord has 
place in music only as a negative, to give accent to the 
positive good. Variety is good, but the eye and ear 
crave occasional monotony in art-form to make the good 
of multiform life keenly felt. Beyond that need monot- 
ony and discord are both painful. This is the limit of 
the purely artistic use of these negative values. 
The expression of the negative in art-form has, how- 
ever, within limits, another legitimate use, which bears 
the same relation to art in its strict sense which pam- 
phleteering bears to literature proper. 
Against the infliction or willing permission of pain, 
there is a gospel to be preached ; and for the effectual 
preaching of this gospel, literature, art, every language 
in which it can be couched, may be pressed into service. 
" We're made so that we love 
First when we see them painted, things we've passed 
Perhaps a hundred times nor cared to see; 
And so they are better, painted, — better to us, 
Which is the same thing. Art was given for that."' 
So it was, — to make us love the lovable. But if we 
are made so, too, that we hate for the first time as it 
deserves to be hated, and dread as we ought to dread it 
when we see it painted, the destruction of the lovable