A FACTOR IN THE LABOR MOVEMENT. 191 
large, but it always has been characterized by the spirit 
of generosity which marked its organization. It feels 
a strong sense of obligation toward the most ill-paid and 
ignorant of the sweaters' victims, and no working-people 
of Chicago have done more for abolition of the sweating- 
system than this handful of women. 
But the labor movement is by no means so simple 
as trades-unionism. A settlement finds in the move- 
ment devoted men who feel keenly the peed for better 
industrial organization, but who insist that industrial 
organization must be part of the general re-organization 
of society. The individualists, for instance, insist that 
we will never secure equal distribution until we have 
equality of opportunity ; that all State and city fran- 
chises, all privilege of railroad, bank, and corporation, 
must be removed before competition will be absolutely 
free, and the man with his labor alone to offer will have 
a fair chance with the man who offers anything else ; 
that the sole function of the State is to secure the free- 
dom of each, guarded by the like freedom of all, and 
that each man free to work for his own existence and 
advantage will by this formula work out our industrial 
development. The individualist then works constantly 
for the recall of franchise and of special privilege, and 
for the untrammelled play of each man's force. There 
is much in our inheritance that responds to this, and he 
has followers among workingmen and among capitalists ; 
those who fear to weaken the incentive to individual, 
exertion, and those who believe that any interference 
would work injuriously. The residents of a settlement 
hear the individualist pleading in many trades assem- 
blies. Opposite to him, springing up in discussion every