that he should refuse so steadily to treat with a " walk- 
ing delegate," and so long maintain that no " outsider " 
could represent the men in his shop. 
We must learn to trust our democracy, giant-like and 
threatening as it may appear in its uncouth strength 
and untried applications. When the English people 
were demanding the charter, the English nobility pre- 
dicted that the franchise would be used to inaugurate 
all sorts of wild measures, to overturn long-established 
customs, as the capitalist now sometimes assumes that 
higher wages will be spent only in the saloons. In both 
cases there is a failure to count the sobering effect of 
responsibility in the education and development which 
attend the entrance into a wider life. 
The effort to keep the movement to some conscious- 
ness of its historic value in the race development is 
perhaps no more difficult than to keep before its view 
the larger ethical aims. There is doubtless a tendency 
among the working men who reach leadership in the 
movement to yield to individual ambition, as there is 
among capitalists to regard class interests, and yield 
only that which must be yielded. This tendency on one 
side to yield to ambition, and on the other to give in to 
threats, may be further illustrated. 
The poor man has proverbially been the tyrant of 
poor men when he has become rich. But while such 
a man was yet poor, his heart was closed to his fellows, 
and his eyes were blinded to the exploitation of them 
and himself, because in his heart he hoped one day to 
be rich, and to do the exploiting ; because he secretly 
approved the action of his master, and said, 44I would 
do the same if I were he."