A FACTOR IN THE LABOR MOVEMENT. 199 
Workingmen say, sometimes, that the rich will not 
hear the complaint of the poor until it rises into a 
threat, and carries a suggestion of ruin with it ; that 
they then throw the laborers a portion of the product, 
to save the remainder. 
As the tendency to warfare shows the primitive state 
of the labor movement, so also this division on class lines 
reveals its present undeveloped condition. The organi- 
zation of society into huge battalions with syndicates 
and corporations on the side of capital, and trades-unions 
and federations on the side of labor, is to divide the 
world into two hostile camps, and to turn us back into 
class warfare and class limitations. All our experience 
tells us that no question of civilization is so simple as 
that, nor can we any longer settle our perplexities by 
mere good fighting. One is reminded of one's childish 
conception of life — that Right and Wrong were drawn 
up in battle array into two distinct armies, and that to 
join the army of Right and fight bravely would be to 
settle all problems. 
But life itself teaches us nothing more inevitable than 
that right and wrong are most confusedly mixed ; that 
the blackest wrong is by our side and within our own 
motives ; that right does not dazzle our eyes with its ra- 
diant shining, but has to be found by exerting patience, 
discrimination, and impartiality. We cease to listen for 
the bugle note of victory our childish imagination antici- 
pated, and learn that our finest victories are attained in 
the midst of self-distrust, and that the waving banner of 
triumph is sooner or later trailed to the dust by the 
weight of self-righteousness. It may be that as the 
labor movement grows older and riper, it will cease to