divide all men so sharply into capitalists and proleta- 
rians, into exploiter and exploited. 
We may live to remind its leaders in later years, as 
George Eliot has so skilfully reminded us, that the path 
we all like when we first set out in our youth is the path 
of martyrdom and endurance, where the palm branches 
grow ; but that later we learn to take the steep highway 
of tolerance, just allowance, and self-blame, where there 
are no leafy honors to be gathered and worn. As the 
labor movement grows older its leaders may catch the 
larger ethical view which genuine experience always 
gives ; they may have a chance to act free from the 
pressure of threat or ambition. They should have noth- 
ing to gain or lose, save as they rise or fall with their 
fellows. In raising the mass, men could have a motive- 
power as much greater than the motive for individual 
success, as the force which sends the sun above the 
horizon is greater than the force engendered by the 
powder behind the rocket. 
Is it too much to hope that as the better organized and 
older trades-unions are fast recognizing a solidarity of 
labor, and acting upon the literal notion of brotherhood, 
that they will later perceive the larger solidarity which 
includes labor and capital, and act upon the notion of 
universal kinship ? That before this larger vision of life 
there can be no perception of " sides " and no " battle 
array " ? In the light of the developed social conscience 
the "sympathetic strike" may be criticised, not because 
it is too broad, but because it is too narrow, and because 
the strike is but a wasteful and negative demonstration 
of ethical fellowship. In the summer of 1894 the Chicago 
unions of Russian-Jewish cloakmakers, German composi-