was with this general atmosphere prevailing that the 
time was drifting toward that uncertain December 
5, 1871, the day set apart on the court docket for Cow- 
perwood's trial. Aileen had been periodically bringing 
him news concerning the attitude of her father, which 
made it perfectly clear that Butler was not through with 
him, and would not be, in all likelihood, unless he chose 
to leave Philadelphia permanently, or unless Butler 
should die. The election being over and Stener and 
Cowperwood properly indicted, and Butler's young pro- 
tégé, Dennis Shannon, elected to the office of district at- 
torney (in which direction it was plain to Cowperwood 
that great injury might be done him), the old man was de- 
termined to find some additional thing which would further 
his campaign against the young banker and result in 
eliminating him from the city and the life of Aileen en- 
tirely. One thing that occurred to him was the fact that 
the particular Judge Payderson to whose court Cowper- 
wood's case had been assigned was one of those judges 
who owed his position to the influence of the politicians. 
Payderson should be given an opportunity to learn that 
Cowperwood was deserving of punishment. Beyond 
Payderson lay the State Supreme Court and the gover- 
nor, where Butler's word, or the fact that .he had been 
injured by Cowperwood, would be of great weight. He 
need not speak directly—but there were plenty who 
would talk for him. 
The plan of buying out some of Cowperwood's credi- 
tors—particularly those who held street-railway stocks— 
had remained in Butler's mind and finally been acted