mous. They overlap and overlay each other. The people, 
through their representative, the district attorney, con- 
tend that Mr. Cowperwood, the defendant here, is guilty 
of all four charges. So now, gentlemen, we will proceed 
to the history of this crime, which proves to me as an 
individual that this defendant has one of the most subtle 
and dangerous minds of the criminal financial type, and 
we hope by witnesses to prove that to you, also." 
Mr. Shannon, because the rules of evidence and court 
procedure admit of no interruption of the prosecution in 
presenting a case, went on to describe from his own point 
of view how Cowperwood had first met Stener; how he had 
wormed himself into his confidence; how little financial 
knowledge Stener had, and so forth; coming down finally 
to the day the check for sixty thousand dollars was given 
Cowperwood; how Stener, as treasurer, claimed that he 
knew nothing of its delivery, which constituted the base 
of the charge of larceny; how Cowperwood, having it, 
misappropriated the certificates supposed to have been 
purchased for the sinking-fund, if they were purchased at 
all—all of which Shannon said constituted the crimes 
with which the defendant was charged, and of which he 
was unquestionably guilty. 
" We have direct and positive evidence of all that we 
have thus far contended, gentlemen," Mr. Shannon con- 
cluded violently. " This is not a matter of hearsay or 
theory, but of fact. You will be shown by direct testimony 
which cannot be shaken just how it was done. If, after you 
have heard all this, you still think this man is innocent— 
that he did not commit the crimes with which he is charged 
—it is your business to acquit him. On the other hand, if 
you think the witnesses whom we shall put on the stand 
are telling the truth, then it is your business to convict 
him, to find a verdict for the people as against the de- 
fendant. I thank you for your attention." 
The jurors stirred comfortably and took positions of ease, 
in which they thought they were to rest for the time; but