meat of development and progress in the legislation is traced. The 
conditions preceding each act of Parliament are carefully described, 
the exact deficiencies in scope, structure and execution of the different 
laws are pointed out, and each attempt at satisfactory regulation is 
compared with the preceding one. Not the least valuable portions of 
the study are those which outline the discussions in Parliament and 
the gradually increasing activity of the miners in their own behalf 
from 184o until the present. The history of mining legislation 
is made to throw much light upon the general question of govern- 
mental interference in industry. In this instance it has apparently not 
resulted in the establishment of any conditions which are not econom- 
cally advantageous, and has certainly done much to increase the effi- 
ciency and general welfare of the mining class. 
fiEurtv W. STUART. 
First Special Report of the Factory Inspectors of Illinois on Small- 
.x in the Tenement-House Su/eat-Shops of Chicago. Spring- 
field, Ill.: II. W. Rokker, [894. 8vo. pp. 57. 
Tifls pamphlet records the attempt by the Factory Inspectors of 
Illinois "to enforce section r and section z of the factories and work- 
shops law," which prohibit the use of tenements or dwelling houses 
for the manufacture of garments by any persons except those immedi- 
ately residing in them, and provide for the destruction of infected 
articles of clothing. 
The information embodied in the earlier pages of the report is 
briefly and clearly conveyed, and throws a strong light on the conduct 
of Commissioner Reynolds and the city board of health. Few statis- 
tics are given in the body of the report, and the account of the inspec- 
tors' work is therefore fragmentary, although presenting a mass of 
petty detail. 
The record does not pretend to give anything approaching a com- 
plete enumeration of violations of the law. The cases taken are sup- 
posed to be typical, and are selected for the purpose of illustrating 
the difficulties with which the inspectors had to contend. 
For the most part the report is a report of failures to enforce the 
law. This was primarily due to the want of proper authority on the 
part of the inspectors to carry out their own orders, and, in a less 
degree, to the inefficiency of the city Commissioner of Health. The