t86 THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY 
but the women themselves were powerless to effect changes for 
the better. Partly in consequence. of this the mills began to 
be filled with a poorer order of workers. In three decades 
marked degeneration had taken place in the condition of the 
life of the operatives. At last public sympathy was aroused in 
their behalf, and efforts were made to make the life more endur- 
able for women, as it is around them and the children that sym- 
pathy and legislation have always centered. But notwithstand- 
ing the increased hardships, the number of women operatives 
grew greatly. The industrial system drew them in. The 
increase of women and the relative proportion of the sexes may 
be seen from the following table, 
reap 
The above statistic are for the whole country. The actual 
increase has been steady, but rclat'vely there has been a decrease 
since 18,o as will be seen. The number of women employed in 
factories is much greater in the New England and Middle States 
than in the rest of the country. In .90 they formed 
 
cent. of the women so employed in the United States. The fol- 
lowing table for Massachusetts is interesting as showing the 

 me 19P 
.75 
.qo Women and cLildren=l m¢o(all employed 
Inconnection with factory laws, it is instructive to note the 
states employing the greatest number of women in manufacture. 

 850-.8o, Grak 
Tres